Date Added: Feb 2010
When Bluetooth devices come within the range of another, an electronic conversation takes place to determine whether the devices in range are known or whether one needs to control the other. Most Bluetooth devices do not require any form of user interaction for this to occur. If devices within range are known to one another, the devices automatically form a network known as a pairing. Authentication addresses the identity of each communicating device. The sender sends an encrypted authentication request frame to the receiver. The receiver sends an encrypted challenge frame back to the sender. Both perform a predefined algorithm. The sender sends its findings back to the receiver, which in turn either allows or denies the connection.