Date Added: Dec 2012
Networks-on-Chip (NoCs) are a key component for the new many-core architectures, from the performance and reliability standpoints. Unfortunately, continuous scaling of CMOS technology poses severe concerns regarding failure mechanisms such as NBTI and stress-migration. Process variation makes harder the scenario, decreasing device lifetime and performance predictability during chip fabrication. This paper presents a novel cooperative sensor-wise methodology to reduce the NBTI degradation in the Network on-Chip (NoC) Virtual Channel (VC) buffers, considering process variation effects as well. The changes introduced to the reference NoC model exhibit an area overhead below 4%. Experimental validation is obtained using a cycle accurate simulator considering both real and synthetic traffic patterns.