Sequential Monte Carlo Radio-Frequency Tomographic Tracking

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Executive Summary

Radio Frequency (RF) tomographic tracking is the process of tracking moving targets by analyzing changes of attenuation in wireless transmissions. This paper presents a novel sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) method for RF tomographic tracking of a single target using a wireless sensor network. The algorithm incorporates on-line Expectation Maximization (EM) to estimate model parameters. Based on experimental measurements, the authors introduce a new measurement model for the attenuation caused by a target. They assess performance through numerical simulation and demonstrate that it significantly outperforms previous RF tomographic tracking procedures.

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