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Shortest Paths in Less Than a Millisecond

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Executive Summary

The authors consider the problem of answering point-to-point shortest path queries on massive social networks. The goal is to answer queries within tens of milliseconds while minimizing the memory requirements. They present a technique that achieves this goal for an extremely large fraction of path queries by exploiting the structure of the social networks. Using evaluations on real-world datasets, they argue that their technique offers a unique trade-off between latency, memory and accuracy. For instance, for the LiveJournal social network (roughly 5 million nodes and 69 million edges), their technique can answer 99.9% of the queries in less than a millisecond.

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