Simulation Based Study of Routing Protocols in MANET Using Different Scenarios and Traffic Pattern

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Mobile Ad hoc NETwork (MANET) is an autonomous system of mobile nodes connected by wireless links. Each node operates not only as an end system, but also as a router to forward packets. The nodes are free to move about and organize themselves into a network. These nodes change position frequently. An important and essential issue for mobile ad hoc networks is routing protocol design that is a major technical challenge due to the dynamism of the network. The main classes of routing protocols are Proactive, Reactive and Hybrid.