Sleep/wake Scheduling Scheme for Minimizing End-to-End Delay in Multi-Hop Wireless Sensor Networks
The authors present a sleep/wake schedule protocol for minimizing end-to-end delay for event driven multi-hop wireless sensor networks. In contrast to generic sleep/wake scheduling schemes, their proposed algorithm performs scheduling that is dependent on traffic loads. Nodes adapt their sleep/wake schedule based on traffic loads in response to three important factors, the distance of the node from the sink node, the importance of the node's location from connectivity's perspective, and if the node is in the proximity where an event occurs. Using these heuristics, the proposed scheme reduces end-to-end delay and maximizes the throughput by minimizing the congestion at nodes having heavy traffic load.