Social and Commercial Entrepreneurship: Exploring Individual and Organizational Characteristics
This paper extends the authors' current knowledge of the social entrepreneur and the activities the user is involved in and contrasts them with their understanding of commercial entrepreneurs. For the purpose of generating empirically-driven propositions, they bring together insights from current empirical investigations and insights from unique large-scale data from the GEM 2009 survey on social entrepreneurship covering Belgium and The Netherlands. Findings are refined with insights from interviews with key informants in both countries. In general the generated propositions seem to indicate a rather fragile entrepreneurial profile in terms of effort put into the organization or activity, self-confidence, ambition in terms of employment growth, funding from the sale of products and services and progression to more mature stages of the entrepreneurial process.