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Unsolicited bulk email, commonly known as spam, represents a significant problem on the Internet. The seriousness of the situation is reflected by the fact that approximately 97% of the total e-mail traffic currently (2009) is spam. To fight this problem, various anti-spam methods have been proposed and are implemented to filter out spam before it gets delivered to recipients, but none of these methods are entirely satisfactory. In this paper, the authors analyze the properties of spam filters from the viewpoint of Signal Detection Theory (SDT). The Bayesian approach of Signal Detection Theory provides a basis for determining the optimality of spam filters, i.e. whether they provide positive utility to users.
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