Spatial Analysis for Crime Pattern of Metropolis in Transition Using Police Records and GIS: A Case Study of Shanghai, China
Crime is a long plagued issue of human society. Especially, with the expansion of cities and population aggregation in recent years, crime problems have become a great challenge in urbanization process. Both urban policy-makers and police departments have realized the importance of a better understanding of the dynamics of crime. This paper explores the spatial characteristic of crime in Shanghai using Geographical Information System (GIS) and police call data of the metropolis in 2006. In the research, the combination of both applied and theoretical methods is used to analyze the characteristics of Shanghai crime. To find out the crime pattern of the city, three spatial levels (i.e. macrolevel, mesolevel and microlevel) are adopted.