Specialization, Productivity And Financing Constraints
The authors analyze financial contracting when the specificity of investments is endogenous. Specialization decreases the liquidation value of assets, but it also improves a firm's long term productivity. While the first effect is known to make financing more difficult, the authors show that the second effect can ease financing constraints by improving an entrepreneur's incentive to pay. An entrepreneur's inability to commit to a given level of specialization introduces inefficiencies and may result in over or under specialization depending on which of the above effects dominates.