Spectrum Sensing Under Distribution Uncertainty in Cognitive Radio Networks
The successful coexistence of cognitive radio systems with licensed system requires the secondary users the capability of interference-awareness, i.e., knowing which spectrum bands are occupied by primary users, i.e., the legacy users. Spectrum sensing thus is a key enabling module, which usually models the sensing process as a binary hypothesis testing assuming known signal distribution. However, an unrealistic assumption regarding the signal distribution easily leads to unreliable detection probability. In this paper, the authors study the sensing performance considering the distribution uncertainty in hypothesis testing, i.e., the actual distribution function of the received signal strength is not known.