Split-panel Jackknife Estimation Of Fixed-effect Models

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Executive Summary

The authors propose a jackknife for reducing the order of the bias of maximum likelihood estimates of nonlinear dynamic fixed-effect panel models. The split-panel jackknife estimators are asymptotically normal, centered at the true value, with variance equal to that of the MLE under asymptotic where T is allowed to grow slowly with N. In analogous fashion, the split-panel jackknife reduces the bias of the profile likelihood and the bias of marginal-effect estimates. Simulations in fixed-effect dynamic discrete-choice models with small T show that the split-panel jackknife effectively reduces the bias and mean squared error of the MLE, and yields confidence intervals with much better coverage.

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