Software

SQL/JavaScript Hybrid Worms as Two-Stage Quines

Date Added: Sep 2009
Format: PDF

Delving into present trends and anticipating future malware trends, a hybrid, SQL on the server-side, JavaScript on the client-side, self-replicating worm based on two-stage quines was designed and implemented on an ad-hoc scenario instantiating a very common software pattern. The proof of concept code combines techniques seen in the wild, in the form of SQL injections leading to cross-site scripting JavaScript inclusion, and seen in the laboratory, in the form of SQL quines propagated via RFIDs, resulting in a hybrid code injection. General features of hybrid worms are also discussed.