State Observability and Observers of Linear-Time-Invariant Systems Under Irregular Sampling and Sensor Limitations
State observability and observer designs are investigated for linear-time-invariant systems in continuous time when the outputs are measured only at a set of irregular sampling time sequences. The problem is primarily motivated by systems with limited sensor information in which sensor switching generates irregular sampling sequences. State observability may be lost and the traditional observers may fail in general, even if the system has a full-rank observability matrix. It demonstrates that if the original system is observable, the irregularly sampled system will be observable if the sampling density is higher than some critical frequency, independent of the actual time sequences.