State Space Reduction With Message Inspection in Security Protocol Model Checking

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Executive Summary

Model checking is a widespread automatic formal analysis that has been successful in discovering flaws in security protocols. However existing possibilities for state space explosion still hinder analyses of complex protocols and protocol configurations. Message Inspection, is a technique that delimits the branching of the state space due to the intruder model without excluding possible attacks. In a preliminary simulation, the intruder model tags the eavesdropped messages with specific metadata that enable validation of feasibility of possible attack actions. The Message Inspection algorithm then decides based on these metadata, which attacks will certainly fail according to known security principles. Thus, it is a priori known that i.e. an encryption scheme attack cannot succeed if the intruder does not possess the right key in his knowledge.

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