Date Added: Nov 2011
In the near future, computing environment can be expected based on the recent progresses and advances in computing and communication technologies. Next generation of mobile communications will include both prestigious infrastructure wireless networks and novel infrastructure less Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (MANETs). A MANET is a collection of wireless nodes that can dynamically form a network to exchange information without using any preexisting fixed network infrastructure. The routing protocols meant for wired networks cannot be used for mobile ad hoc networks because of the mobility of nodes.