Stationary and Mobile Target Detection Using Mobile Wireless Sensor Networks

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In this paper, the authors study the target detection and tracking problem in mobile sensor networks, where the performance metrics of interest are probability of detection and tracking coverage, when the target can be stationary or mobile and its duration is finite. They propose a physical coverage-based mobility model, where the mobile sensor nodes move such that the overlap between the covered areas by different mobile nodes is small. It is shown that for stationary target scenario the proposed mobility model can achieve a desired detection probability with a significantly lower number of mobile nodes especially when the detection requirements are highly stringent. Similarly, when the target is mobile the coverage-based mobility model produces a consistently higher detection probability compared to other models under investigation.