Stockholder And Bondholder Reactions To Revelations Of Large CEO Inside Debt Holdings: An Empirical Analysis

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The authors conduct an event study of stockholders' and bondholders' reactions to companies' initial reports of their CEOs' inside debt positions, as required by SEC disclosure regulations that became effective early in 2007. Results show that bond prices rise, equity prices fall, and the volatility of both securities drops at the time of disclosures by firms who's CEOs have sizeable pensions or deferred compensation. The results indicate a transfer of value from equity toward debt, as well as an overall destruction of enterprise value, when a CEO's inside debt holdings are large.