Study of Turbo Coded OFDM Over Fading Channel

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The main problems of reliable data communication in the wireless environment are the distorting multipath fading channel and Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) noise. These impairments can distort the transmitted signal severely and thus leading to Inter Symbol Interference (ISI). So the reception becomes erroneous and the Bit Error Rate (BER) increases. Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) or multicarrier communication is a recent technique used to mitigate ISI introduced by the distorting frequency selective fading channel. The earlier approaches used to combat ISI are based on Equalization and Maximum Likelihood Sequence Estimation (MLSE). Though MLSE is the optimum detector, its complexity grows exponentially with the channel length.