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Distributed systems, and in particular, computational grid systems and computational cluster systems, are extensions of the traditional concept of a computer system. As processing demands continued to increase with scientific research, data analysis, modeling and other computational problems, computers also grew in size and capability. Different classes of computers were available for different functions. The familiar desktop personal computers served the needs of an individual or a family with word processing, accounting tasks and other applications, while large, self-contained supercomputers designed for high-performance, parallel processing found their homes in research laboratories and universities.
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