SWARM: The Power of Structure in Community Wireless Mesh Networks

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Executive Summary

Community Wireless Networks (CWNs) have been proposed to spread broadband network access to underprivileged, under-provisioned and remote areas. Research has focused on optimizing network performance through intelligent routing and scheduling, borrowing solutions from mesh networks. Surprisingly, however, there has been no work on how to make efficient use of multiple channels in CWNs in the presence of multiple gateways, and a single radio per device. In fact, today's deployments in under-privileged areas are primarily single radio and do operate on a single channel. Frequency selection in such CWNs is very complex because it does not only determine the nodes' channel of operation but also the gateway and the routing tree to the gateway - a rather computationally intensive task.

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