TACKing Together Efficient Authentication, Revocation, and Privacy in VANETs

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Executive Summary

Vehicular Ad Hoc NETworks (VANETs) require a mechanism to help authenticate messages, identify valid vehicles, and remove malevolent vehicles. A Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) can provide this functionality using certificates and fixed public keys. However, fixed keys allow an eavesdropper to associate a key with a vehicle and a location, violating drivers' privacy. In this paper, the authors propose a VANET key management scheme based on Temporary Anonymous Certified Keys (TACKs). The scheme efficiently prevents eavesdroppers from linking a vehicle's different keys and provides timely revocation of misbehaving participants while maintaining the same or less overhead for vehicle-to-vehicle communication as the current IEEE 1609.2 standard for VANET security.

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