Date Added: Jan 2011
Network congestion can be alleviated either by reducing demand (traffic control) or by increasing capacity (resource control). Unlike in traditional wired or other wireless counterparts, sensor network deployments provide elastic resource availability for satisfying the fidelity level required by applications. In many cases, using traffic control can violate fidelity requirements. Hence, the authors propose the use of resource control: increase capacity by enabling more nodes to become active during periods of congestion. However, a naive approach to increase resources without a careful consideration of the type of congestion, traffic pattern, and network topology will make the situation worse.