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It is well known that links in CSMA wireless networks are prone to starvation. Prior works focused almost exclusively on equilibrium starvation. In this paper, the authors show that links in CSMA wireless networks are also susceptible to temporal starvation. Specifically, although some links have good equilibrium throughputs and do not suffer from equilibrium starvation, they can still have no throughput for extended periods from time to time. For real-time applications such as VoIP and video streaming, it is desirable to understand and characterize temporal starvation in CSMA wireless networks. To this end, they develop a "Trap theory" to analyze the temporal throughput fluctuations.
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