Networking

The Directional Attack on Wireless Localization

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Executive Summary

802.11 localization algorithms provide the ability to accurately position and track wireless clients thereby enabling location-based services and applications. However, the authors show that these localization techniques are vulnerable to non-cryptographic attacks where an adversary uses a low-cost directional antenna to appear from the localization algorithm's perspective to be in another arbitrary location of their choosing. The attacker's ability to actively influence where they are positioned is a key distinguishing feature of the directional attack relative to prior localization attacks that use transmit power control to introduce localization errors.

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