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The ECBs New Multi-country Model For The Euro Area: NMCM - With Boundedly Rational Learning Expectations

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Executive Summary

Rational expectations has been the dominant way to model expectations, but the literature has quickly moved to a more realistic assumption of boundedly rational learning where agents are assumed to use only a limited set of information to form their expectations. A standard assumption is that agents form expectations by using the correctly specified reduced form model of the economy, the Minimal State Variable solution (MSV), but they do not know the parameters. However, with medium-sized and large models the closed-form MSV solutions are difficult to attain given the large number of variables that could be included. Therefore, agents base expectations on a misspecified MSV solution. In contrast, the authors assume agents know the deep parameters of their own optimising frameworks.

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