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Lack of manual management mechanisms in wireless ad-hoc networks means that automatic configuration of IP addresses and other related network parameters are very crucial. Many IP address auto-configuration mechanisms have been proposed in literature. These approaches can be categorized as either being stateful or stateless. Stateless protocols employ a Duplicate Address Detection (DAD) mechanism during the auto-configuration process. Using this mechanism, new nodes generate their own IP address and broadcast a request packet and set a timer (DAD timeout).
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