The Environmental Gains of Remanufacturing: Evidence From the Computer and Mobile Industry

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Executive Summary

Remanufacturing has long been perceived as an environmentally-friendly initiative. The question of how remanufacturing moderates the relation between environmental impact and economic returns is still unanswered, however. In this paper, the authors focus their attention on the electronics industry. In particular, they take a close look at remanufacturing within the mobile and personal computers industries. They analyze whether remanufacturing for such products substantially mitigates the energy used in the life-cycle of these products, or whether as in most electrical equipments, it can only marginally contribute to such reduction. Using both process-based and economic input-output data, they show that remanufacturing significantly reduces total energy consumption.

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