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The Ethics of Robotics

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Executive Summary

The term 'Robot' first appeared in the play R.U.R (Rossum's Universal Robots) by Czech writer Karel Capek in the year 1921. The term arises from the Polish word 'Robota' which literally means self-labourer, or hard worker. Although the term Robot can cover a multitude of definitions; there is general consensus that a Robot is a programmable device/machine which has been created to imitate the actions of an intelligent creature (usually a human being). It has to be able to receive input from its surroundings which may be in any of the forms of stimuli. Also, it must display corporeal skills such as movement and manipulation of its environment.

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