The Handover in the Constellations of Satellites in Low Orbit
The Handover is one of the key subjects in maintaining the quality of service offered by non-geostationary constellation systems. As the satellite coverage moves according to the satellite motion, the continuity of a call must be maintained from one satellite to another. In case of the Handover fails, the call is dropped, resulting in a quality degradation of service. In this paper, the performance of several channel assignment strategies for a LEO satellite constellation is evaluated. The FCA method is considered where its advantages and disadvantages are highlighted. Moreover, the Handover process implication in the call blocking probability is assessed via simulation.