Date Added: Mar 2012
Basic resources for communication satellites are communication radio-frequencies and satellite orbits. An orbit is the trajectory followed by the satellite. The communication between the satellite and a ground station is established only when the satellite is consolidated in its own orbit and it is visible from the ground station. Different types of orbits are possible, each suitable for a specific application or mission. Most used orbits are circular, categorized as low, medium and geosynchronous (geostationary) orbits based on the attitude above the Earths surface. The launching process heading the satellite in geostationary orbit, by the first step places the satellite in a transfer orbit.