The Institutionalization Of The European Foreign Policy Executive And The Changing Nature Of CFSP

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Executive Summary

Over the past years, developments in CFSP/ESDP have indicated transitions in the polity of the so called second pillar of the European Union (EU). Starting out as an entirely intergovernmental project in the 1970's, European Political Cooperation (EPC) was based on increasing diplomatic relations of member state governments. Member state executives were driving forces in the coordination of their foreign policies on a European level. The gradual changes treaty reforms have indicated a change into the direction of a gradually integrating European executive in CFSP/ESDP.

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