Date Added: Feb 2012
For many years, the convergence of IP data services and transport network services based on optical transmission has been at the heart of carriers' investments and business strategies. However, significant challenges still remain. Over time, the inherent technological differences between the IP and transport networks have deeply segmented their operation, leading to the carrier's organizational fragmentation and segregation of management competencies. Although these two networks are typically deployed in tandem, carriers still lack of tools capable of providing automated coordination of management procedures and orchestration of business practices between them, especially, in multi-vendor deployments.