The Market For Skilled Migrants: The Role Of Student Stay Rates
Historically countries have used immigration to supplement labor market needs. During the nineteenth century America welcomed millions of migrants to its shores and thereby fueled its economic growth. Countries such as Australia and Canada have actively used immigration policy to supplement the size and composition of their labor forces. Countries have often used guest worker programs to mitigate worker shortages in agriculture and the service sector. Immigration policy, however, is not without controversy. Questions arise not only over the numbers of migrants that should enter, but also on how they should be chosen.