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The Sterling Unsecured Loan Market During 2006 - 08: Insights From Network Theory

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Executive Summary

The authors model the unsecured overnight market in the United Kingdom as a network of relationships and examine how the structure has changed over the recent period of crisis. Using established network techniques, they find strong evidence of the existence of a core of highly connected banks alongside a periphery. They find that membership of this core expanded during the crisis and suggest that this is due to a few intermediate banks becoming more connected. The widened reserve target bands may have also had an effect, by partially alleviating the need to manage reserve accounts close to a target and therefore allowing banks to exercise more discretion in forming relationships.

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