TOA Estimation in UWB: Comparison Between Time and Frequency Domain Processing

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A comparison between time and frequency domain TOA estimators compliant with the 802.15.4a Standard has been made. The time domain estimator is done in two stages. One has the goal of identify the first pulse in each symbol interval and the other aims to acquire the start of frame delimiter. The frequency domain estimator is also based in two stages. A simple coarse estimation stage provides the symbol synchronization required by the fine estimation stage which finds the first delay of the first arriving path in a power delay profile developed in the frequency domain by using high resolution spectral estimation techniques. An accuracy of few centimeters is asymptotically achieved by both estimators.