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In order to maximize the network's lifetime and ensure the connectivity among the nodes, most topology management practices use a subgroup of nodes for routing. This paper provides an in-depth look at existing topology management control algorithms in Multi-state structure. The authors suggest a new algorithm based on Geographical Adaptive Fidelity (GAF) and Adaptive Self-Configuring Sensor Networks Topology (ASCENT). The new proposed algorithm outperforms both GAF and ASCENT algorithms. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) contain a large number of inexpensive sensor nodes deployed in divers environments, which used to detect data and deliver it to the sink.
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