Towards a Perspective of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Education: Migrating From Electronic Learning (E-Learning) to Mobile Learning (M-Learning)

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Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the educational sector of both developing and developed countries has proliferated in recent years. The involvement of ICT in the educational sector introduces challenges of using ICT tools and facilities for both teaching and learning. The involvement of ICT in education has paved way for the migration of learning beyond the traditional classroom to learning through desktop computers normally defined as Electronic Learning (E-Learning) or learning everywhere and anytime through Wi-Fi equipped mobile devices such as mobile phones, Smartphones and Personal Digital Assistant (PDAs) normally defined as Mobile Learning (M-Learning). Both E-Learning and M-Learning require the use of ICT to accomplish a learning process/task and have advantages and disadvantages over each other.