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This paper has analyzed and verified the autonomous information requirement of near-miss accidents and has investigated the feasibility and performance of using a Zigbee RFID sensor network to fulfil these requirements. The autonomous data requirement of near-miss accidents has been systematically analyzed based on typical historical accident cases. Then, considering the features of construction sites and characteristics of near-miss accidents, an Autonomous Real-Time Tracking System of Near-Miss Accidents (ARTTS-NMA) on construction sites has been proposed, which employed ultrasonic for outdoor and indoor real-time location tracking, adopted sensors for environment surveillance, RFID for access control as well as storage of safety information about the worker, equipment and material, and wireless sensor network for data transmission.
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