Towards Increasing Diversity for the Relaying of LT Fountain Codes in Wireless Sensor Networks

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Executive Summary

Diversity is a powerful means to increase the transmission performance of wireless communications. For the case of fountain codes relaying, it has been shown previously that introducing diversity is also beneficial since it counteracts transmission losses on the channel. Instead of simply hop-by-hop forwarding information, each sensor node diversifies the information flow using XOR combinations of stored packets. This approach has been shown to be efficient for random linear fountain codes. However, random linear codes exhibit high decoding complexity. In this paper, the authors propose diversity increased relaying strategies for the more realistic Luby Transform code in order to maintain high transmission performance with low decoding computational complexity in a linear network.

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