Towards Intelligent Machine-to-Machine Communications in Smart Grid
The Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) of Smart Grid (SG) presents the biggest growth potential in the Machine-to-Machine (M2M) market today. Spurred by advances in the M2M technologies in recent time, the SG smart meters are expected not to require human intervention in characterizing power requirements and energy distribution. However, there are many challenges in the design of the SG communications network whereby the electrical appliances and smart meters are able to exchange information pertaining to varying power requirements. Furthermore, different types of M2M gateways are required at different points (e.g., at home, in the building, at the neighborhood, and so forth) of the SG communication network.