Towards Optimal Energy Store-Carry-and-Deliver for PHEVs Via V2G System
As an important component of smart grid, the Vehicle-To-Grid (V2G) system is recently introduced to enable bidirectional energy delivery between the power grid and plug-in electric vehicles. Communication technology is incorporated to facilitate the energy delivery by providing electricity pricing and energy demand information. However, different from the stationary energy storage systems, the energy store-carry- and deliver mechanism for a V2G system poses new challenges for performance optimization, such as bi-directional energy flow and non-stationary energy demand. How to utilize the statistical information provided by the communication system to achieve efficient energy delivery is critical for a V2G system and is still an open issue.