Tracking and Activity Recognition Through Consensus in Distributed Camera Networks

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Executive Summary

Camera networks are being deployed for various applications like security and surveillance, disaster response and environmental modeling. However, there is little automated processing of the data. Moreover, most methods for multicamera analysis are centralized schemes that require the data to be present at a central server. In many applications, this is prohibitively expensive, both technically and economically. This paper investigates distributed scene analysis algorithms by leveraging upon concepts of consensus that have been studied in the context of multi-agent systems, but have had little applications in video analysis. Each camera estimates certain parameters based on its own sensed data which is then shared locally with the neighboring cameras in an iterative fashion, and a final estimate is arrived at in the network.

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