Traffic and Distance Dependent Energy Efficient Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks
Wireless Sensor Networks, also abbreviated as WSN, are the new fast evolving technology that consists of a large number of micro chips that have limited energy resources and can gather data in different kinds of environment. In this paper, a traffic and distance dependent energy efficient algorithm has been proposed which is motivated from the LEACH. The algorithm design concentrates on improvement of the network lifetime and the number of packets that are transmitted by all the CHs to the BS over the rounds. The simulations have been carried out in Matlab and the results show significant improvements in the network lifetime. The network lifetime improves by as much as 14.6% over optimal energy adaptive algorithm.