Traffic Load Distribution in Large-Scale and Dense Wireless Sensor Networks

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Because of the dominating many-to-one communication pattern, traffic load is not evenly distributed over the nodes in a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN). In a large-scale WSN, the multi-hop routing even deteriorates this traffic load imbalance by accumulating traffic flows along their paths to the sink. Understanding the traffic load distribution can guide the network-wide energy allocation, direct the design of routing algorithms, and optimize the node deployment in WSNs. In this paper, the authors consider a large-scale and dense WSN with nodes evenly deployed in a disk area, and find the traffic load distribution over the nodes as a function of their distances from the sink.