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Energy Harvesting (EH) has recently emerged as an effective way to solve the lifetime challenge of wireless sensor networks, as it can continuously harvest energy from the environment. Unfortunately, it is challenging to guarantee a satisfactory short-term performance in EH communication systems because the harvested energy is sporadic. In this paper, the authors consider the channel training optimization problem in EH communication systems, i.e., how to obtain accurate channel state information to improve the communication performance. In contrast to conventional communication systems, the optimization of the training power and training period in EH communication systems is a coupled problem, which makes such optimization very challenging.
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