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Distributed data storage is a key technology in the data collection in wireless sensor networks. The storage scheme based on network coding is applied to data collection in wireless sensor networks because of its high reliability and low overhead. However, it is an open problem to reduce data repair communication overhead caused by the failure of storage nodes. This paper focuses on this issue and presents a two-layer distributed data storage scheme. The lower-layer nodes store the encoded data blocks and the upper-layer nodes store the re-encoded blocks that are responsible for failure data recovery. Based on the two-layer data storage scheme, a data repair method is proposed to decrease the repair communication overhead with only sacrificing lower storage overhead.
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