uDirect: A Novel Approach for Pervasive Observation of User Direction With Mobile Phones
In this paper, the authors present the uDirect algorithm as a novel approach for mobile phone centric observation of a user's facing direction, through which the device and user orientations relative to earth coordinate are estimated. While the device orientation estimation is based on accelerometer and magnetometer measurements in standing mode, the unique behavior of measured acceleration during stance phase of a human's walking cycle is used for detecting user direction. Furthermore, the algorithm is independent of initial orientation of the device which gives the user higher space of freedom for long term observations. As the algorithm only relies on embedded accelerometer and magnetometer sensors of the mobile phone, it is not susceptible to shadowing effect as GPS.