UNITE: Uniform Hardware-Based Network Intrusion DeTection Engine
Current software implementations of network intrusion detection reach a maximum network connection speed of about 1Gbps (Gigabits per second). This paper analyses the Snort software network intrusion detection system to highlight the bottlenecks of such systems. It proposes a novel packet processing engine called UNITE that deploys uniform hardware architecture to perform both header classification and payload signature extraction utilising a Content Addressable Memory (CAM) which is optimised by techniques based on Binary Decision Diagrams (BDDs). The proposed design has been implemented on an XC2VP30 FPGA, and the authors achieve an operating frequency of 350MHz and a processing speed in excess of 2.8Gbps.