Upscaling Emerging Niche Technologies In Sustainable Energy: An International Comparison Of Policy Approaches
To speed up the transformation to low-carbon energy systems, transition policy approaches highlight the importance of purposive experimentation with sustainable niche technologies. An important policy challenge that has followed from various 'Real' transition experiments concerns the crucial issue of 'Upscaling' or 'Aggregating' the niche technologies towards broader and more widespread application in society. To address the question 'Which policy mix supports the upscaling of emergent niche technologies in a transition to sustainable energy systems?' The paper adopts a comparative approach. Two successful cases where upscaling of emergent technology niches has taken place are contrasted with an unsuccessful fail case.